One of the most recognizable landmarks in the world, the Colosseum is an ancient amphitheatre in Rome that attracts over 5 million visitors annually. Originally constructed to serve as Rome's epicenter for entertainment; the amphitheatre hosted numerous public spectacles including gladiator matches, mock sea battles, animal hunts and more! With a total capacity of 70,000, the Colosseum was the biggest amphitheatre of its time and presently stands tall at 157 feet. While the structure has experienced its share of natural wear and tear over the years, there's no denying its epic scale and your visit to the Colosseum will be nothing short of extraordinary. Travel back in time to 70 AD when the Colosseum was constructed and marvel at its architectural grandeur and majestic aura.
History of The Colosseum
The Colosseum was built by the Flavian Dynasty, under the guidance of Emperor Vespasian and his son Titus, between AD 72 and AD 80. Historically known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, the arena’s colloquial name draws its inspiration from a colossal statue of Nero that once stood nearby.
The land on which the Colosseum was built used to be a densely populated region of ancient Rome situated between the Caelian, Esquiline and Palatine Hills. However, the area was completely destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome in AD 64. Following the disaster, Nero seized the grounds and added them to his personal domain. He built a grand palatial complex, the Domus Aurea, and landscaped the ground to house an artificial lake, pavilions, gardens and porticoes. The gigantic bronze Colossus of Nero stood at the entrance of the Domus Aurea.
Eventually, the Domus Aurea was torn down, the lake was filled in and construction of the Flavian Amphitheatre began, with gladiatorial schools and other support buildings nearby. Unlike other amphitheatres of the time that were built on the city’s outskirts, the Colosseum was built in the center of the city, placing it symbolically and physically in the heart of Rome.